Thrips

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Symptoms

Adults are mainly flower-feeders but will also feed on the stems and leaves of plants as well. Symptoms of damage may include discoloration and scarring of open blooms, and petals, deformation of buds and flower heads, as well as pimpling on some flowers as a result of eggs deposited beneath the tissue. After feeding on a plant, silvery necrotic spots will often appear which can affect the plant’s ability to photosynthesize, distort growth and further reduce the value of the plant. The wounds caused by thrips can pave the way for botrytis infection. Thrips have also been known to vector diseases to plants when feeding: most commonly Impatiens Necrotic Spot Virus (INSV).

 

Management

An Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program involving greenhouse sanitation, insect-proof nets, yellow or blue sticky cards, biological controls, and insecticide application.

 

Thrips Life Cycle

Understanding a disease’s life cycle is vital to maintaining control of your crops. Below is the thrips life cycle, to help you get maximum control, the best products from our range have been incorporated.

 

 

Managing Resistance

Thrips tabacii, Frankliniella occidentalis, Echinotrips americanus, Thrips setosus . These are some of the types of thrips with the most common in floriculture being F. Occidentalis. This species is very polyphagous and causes damage in a wide range of crops as well as being a vector for viruses. The development of thrips at 15⁰C is around +/- 44 days. When the temperature is higher, around 25⁰C, the cycle is halved to +/- 18 days so the short life cycle can mean the insect can become resistant very quickly. In a controlled environment, it is good to start an integrated approach.  When the infestation of thrips passes a threshold and damage is no longer tolerable, the use of chemical control can reset the population. Alternating chemistry will help reduce resistance issues whilst ensuring that the available products remain effective.

To prevent a crop from developing resistance it is important that you alternate between the different active ingredients. It is important to pay attention to the mode of action the product has. Rotation of products is a key strategy but it’s important those products have different IRAC codes, as this can reduce further resistance development. Ensure your program takes this into account. If you are in a situation where products with the same mode of action are applied twice in a row, moving to another product with a different IRAC group becomes even more important.

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